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Rashidun Caliphs (632-661)

Abu Bakr – 632 – 634
Umar ibn al-Khattab – 634 – 644
Uthman ibn Affan – 644 – 656
Ali ibn Abi Talib – 656 – 661
Hasan ibn Ali – 661 (NOTE: Though he was caliph, most historians ignore his caliphate as it was shortlived.)

Umayyads Caliphs (661-750/1031)

Caliphs of Damascus (661-750)

Muawiyah I – 661 – 680

Yazid I – 680 – 683
Muawiyah II – 683 – 684
Marwan I – 684 – 685
Abd al-Malik – 685 – 705
Al-Walid I – 705 – 715
Sulayman – 715 – 717
Umar II – 717 – 720
Yazid II – 720 – 724
Hisham – 724 – 743
Al-Walid II – 743 – 744
Yazid III – 744
Ibrahim – 744
Marwan II – 744 – 750

Emirs of Córdoba (756-929)

 

Abd ar-Rahman I – 756 – 788
Hisham I – 788 – 796
al-Hakam I – 796 – 822
Abd ar-Rahman II – 822 – 852
Muhammad I – 852 – 886
al-Mundhir – 886 – 888
Abdallah ibn Muhammad – 888 – 912
Abd-ar-Rahman III – 912 – 929 (Declared himself Caliph)

Caliphs of Córdoba (929-1031)


Abd-ar-Rahman III – 929 – 961
Al-Hakam II – 961 – 976
Hisham II al-Hakam – 976 – 1009
Muhammad II – 1009
Sulayman ibn al-Hakam – 1009 – 1010
Hisham II al-Hakam, restored – 1010 – 1013
Sulayman ibn al-Hakam, restored – 1013 – 1016
Abd ar-Rahman IV – 1021 – 1022
Abd ar-Rahman V – 1022 – 1023
Muhammad III – 1023 – 1024
Hisham III – 1027 – 1031

Abbasid Caliphs (750-1258/1517)

Caliphs of Baghdad (750-1258)

As-Saffah – 750 – 754
Al-Mansur – 754 – 775
Al-Mahdi – 775 – 785
Al-Hadi – 785 – 786
Harun al-Rashid – 786 – 809
Al-Amin – 809 – 813
Al-Ma’mun – 813 – 833
Al-Mu’tasim – 833 – 842
Al-Wathiq – 842 – 847
Al-Mutawakkil – 847 – 861
Al-Muntasir – 861 – 862
Al-Musta’in – 862 – 866
Al-Mu’tazz – 866 – 869
Al-Muhtadi – 869 – 870
Al-Mu’tamid – 870 – 892
Al-Mu’tadid – 892 – 902
Al-Muktafi – 902 – 908
Al-Muqtadir – 908 – 932
Al-Qahir – 932 – 934
Ar-Radi – 934 – 940
Al-Muttaqi – 940 – 944
Al-Mustakfi – 944 – 946
Al-Muti – 946 – 974
At-Ta’i – 974 – 991
Al-Qadir – 991 – 1031
Al-Qa’im – 1031 – 1075
Al-Muqtadi – 1075 – 1094
Al-Mustazhir – 1094 – 1118
Al-Mustarshid – 1118 – 1135
Ar-Rashid – 1135 – 1136
Al-Muqtafi – 1136 – 1160
Al-Mustanjid – 1160 – 1170
Al-Mustadi – 1170 – 1180
An-Nasir – 1180 – 1225
Az-Zahir – 1225 – 1226
Al-Mustansir – 1226 – 1242
Al-Musta’sim – 1242 – 1258 (last Abbasid Caliph at Baghdad)

(During the latter period of Abbasid rule, Muslim rulers began using other titles, such as Sultan).

Caliphs of Cairo (1261-1517)

Al-Mustansir II – 1261 – 1262
Al-Hakim I – 1262 – 1302
Al-Mustakfi I – 1302 – 1340
Al-Hakim II – 1341 – 1352
Al-Mu’tadid I – 1352 – 1362
Al-Mutawakkil I – 1362 – 1383
Al-Wathiq II – 1383 – 1386
Al-Mu’tasim – 1386 – 1389
Al-Mutawakkil I (restored) – 1389 – 1406
Al-Musta’in – 1406 – 1414
Al-Mu’tadid II – 1414 – 1441
Al-Mustakfi II – 1441 – 1451
Al-Qa’im – 1451 – 1455
Al-Mustanjid – 1455 – 1479
Al-Mutawakkil II – 1479 – 1497
Al-Mustamsik – 1497 – 1508
Al-Mutawakkil III – 1508 – 1517

Other Caliphates (910-1269)

Fatimid Caliphs (910-1171)

Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah – 910 – 934
Muhammad al-Qa’im Bi-Amrillah – 934 – 946
Ismail al-Mansur – 946 – 953
Al-Muizz Lideenillah – 953 – 975
Abu Mansoor Nizar al-Aziz Billah – 975 – 996
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah – 996 – 1021
Ali az-Zahir – 1021 – 1036
Ma’ad al-Mustansir Billah – 1036 – 1094
Al-Musta’li – 1094 – 1101
Al-Amir – 1101 – 1130
al-Hafiz – 1130 – 1149
al-Zafir – 1149 – 1154
Al-Faiz – 1154 – 1160
Al-Azid – 1160 – 1171

Almohad Caliphs (1145-1269)

Abd al-Mu’min – 1145 – 1163
Abu Yaqub Yusuf I – 1163 – 1184
Yaqub al-Mansur – 1184 – 1199
Muhammad an-Nasir – 1199 – 1213
Abu Ya’qub Yusuf II – 1213 – 1224
Abd al-Wahid I – 1224
Abdallah al-Adil 1224-1227
Yahya – 1227 – 1235
Idris I – 1227 – 1232
Abdul-Wahid II – 1232 – 1242
Ali – 1242 – 1248
Umar – 1248 – 1266
Idris II – 1266 – 1269

Ottoman Caliphs (1451-1924)

Mehmed (Muhammed) II – 1451 – 1481
Bayezid II – 1481 – 1512
Selim I – 1512 – 1520
Suleiman the Magnificent – 1520 – 1566
Selim II – 1566 – 1574
Murad III – 1574 – 1595
Mehmed (Muhammed) III – 1595 – 1603
Ahmed I – 1603 – 1617
Mustafa I – 1617 – 1618
Osman II – 1618 – 1622
Mustafa I, restored – 1622 – 1623
Murad IV – 1623 – 1640
Ibrahim I – 1640 – 1648
Mehmed (Muhammed) IV – 1648 – 1687
Suleiman II – 1687 – 1691
Ahmed II – 1691 – 1695
Mustafa II – 1695 – 1703
Ahmed III – 1703 – 1730
Mahmud I – 1730 – 1754
Osman III – 1754 – 1757
Mustafa III – 1757 – 1774
Abdul Hamid I – 1774 – 1789
Selim III – 1789 – 1807
Mustafa IV – 1807 – 1808
Mahmud II – 1808 – 1839
Abdülmecid I – 1839 – 1861
Abdülaziz – 1861 – 1876
Murad V – 1876
Abdul Hamid II – 1876 – 1909
Mehmed (Muhammed) V – 1909 – 1918
Mehmed (Muhammed) VI – 1918 – 1922
Abdülmecid II – 1922 – 1924

 

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